programs have a larger scope than projects

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D. Senior management is responsible for portfolio management. A program is usually a group of What will be affected if any angle of the Iron Triangle is not kept in balance? Another way to organize larger research programs would be to cluster activities around a project rather than around a center per se, as DARPA and, to a lesser extent, NSF have done in the past. Project managers must carefully manage scope by creating change orders for work that isn't covered by the project's initial requirements. The bulk of your project is focused on the information technology integration, the wide area network (WAN) connections from each kiosk, security of the data transferred, and the database of the information gathered. A. Programs are focused on realizing benefits; projects are focused on delivering defined outputs. Download the Project Management Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) in PDF from this page. 5. (A) 5. D. Standards are required; regulations are laws. (If you did not create a Scope Management Plan the scope change processes would have been defined as a part of creating the program infrastructure.) The projects and programs in a portfolio must be directly related If you have a small project with a poor CCMU then you can wind up doing the project 2,3,4 or more times. If you decide to use overtime hours to meet the schedule, you must weigh that against the limitations of your budget. A. Your organization agrees and creates a standard contract with the customer, and your manager assigns you to manage this project. B. Project scope change could be as a result of wrong initial scope definition, inherent risk and uncertainties, sudden change of interest, project funding change, etc. On average, large IT projects run 45 percent over budget and 7 percent over time, while delivering 56 percent less value than predicted. The scenario did not provide enough information to determine what risks would have been mitigated. Projects management is divided in _____ process groups. A is incorrect because decomposition is the term used to describe the creation of the work breakdown structure. Which of the following project environments are you concerned with most? D, authoritative, is also incorrect because this isn’t a valid term to describe a project management office. Where can a project manager expect software, templates, and standardized policies? The goal of Project 2 is to support word searches in a large text file. 2: Critical Path Analysis Of Palm Tree Spa, PMP Exam Practice Test - 2a Project Management. They are constrained by limited resources. D. Programs and portfolios can share the same scope because a portfolio may have two or more programs. Outline the project statement of work. (A) plans You can be certain that something (some variable or event etc) cannot exist or contain certain property if your program isn't branching into certain path. What is the difference between a standard and a regulation? (D) progressive elaboration, 3. B. B, operations, is incorrect because it does not describe this scenario at all. C. Creates a product, service, or result. C. Risk is an uncertain event that can have positive or negative effects on your project. (D) II and III only, 5. A, B, and D are all incorrect because they do not accurately describe standards and regulations. (C) related projects According to PRINCE2, a Project is defined as “A temporary organization that is created for the purpose of delivering one or more business products according to a specified Business Case”. (B) temporary Which one of the following is an interpersonal skill a project manager must have to be successful? III. The decision then goes dow... One of the significant limitation in evaluating the restorative justice is the fact that there are no clear guidelines in terms of defining the “success”. B, C, and D do not fully answer the question, so these answers are incorrect. B. B is incorrect because this is a management theory to manage people and problems. In other words, the critical path analysis facilitates to determine minimum time in which project would be completed (Philip, 2004). As a type of agile software development, it advocates frequent "releases" in short development cycles, which is intended to improve productivity and introduce checkpoints at which new customer requirements can be adopted. (D) Both (A) and (B), 2. B. History had demonstrated that risk management is the basic ... Failure to track the project horizontally made it impossible to schedule activities between different programs. (A) permanent In this second view, the point of having a program is to exploit economies of scale and to reduce coordination costs and risks. All processes and procedures are to be followed as defined in the PMBOK Guide. Which project management office has the most control over your role as a project manager? C, a legal requirement, is not correct because this actually refers to a law or mandated regulation that has been created. A is incorrect because it is a model to estimate costs, such as cost per ton or cost per hour. The statement of work provides a detailed breakdown of the … (C) (A) or (B) A project differs from a program in the sense that the latter is a bundle of related projects, managed in a coordinated manner, to attain the benefits, which is available only when the projects are managed in groups. B is incorrect because the project sponsor authorizes the project. Selecting the projects to be initiated, C. Balancing demands for time, cost, scope, and quality, D. Establishing clear and achievable project objectives. Projects management is divided in _____ process groups. audio not yet available for this language, {"cdnAssetsUrl":"","site_dot_caption":"Cram.com","premium_user":false,"premium_set":false,"payreferer":"clone_set","payreferer_set_title":"PMP Exam Practice Test - 2a Project Management","payreferer_url":"\/flashcards\/copy\/pmp-exam-practice-test-2a-project-management-5627628","isGuest":true,"ga_id":"UA-272909-1","facebook":{"clientId":"363499237066029","version":"v2.9","language":"en_US"}}. A. D, organizational structure, is not a project environment. The project management office (PMO) supports the project manager through templates, standardized policies, and software. Interpersonal skills, sometimes called soft skills, are about inspiring, leading, and directing the project team and people to do what’s required of them. D. They are planned, executed, and controlled. C describes the cultural and social environment of the project. A. What’s expected in terms of tangible product, and how does this expectation fit into the larger scope of the project? B, scope verification, is incorrect because this term describes the process to verify that the deliverable matches what the scope promised to create. B. On the other hand, program is a bunch of projects with no definite end. D is incorrect because programs and portfolios won’t have the same scope. Having a basic understanding of what is being asked of you on a production level will help you assess how to move forward with assigning roles and setting deadlines. 1. You are a project manager for Johnson Keyboards, Inc. C. Project integration management, which focuses on the coordination of all components of project management, includes the development of the project charter. C. Projects are temporary; they do not go on forever. (D) progressive elaboration B. You have concerns that one of the components of the Iron Triangle is slipping. The approval of the blueprints for the building, C. The demographics of the community where the construction will take place, D. The laws that govern where the building may take place. A, C, and D are incorrect because these are the three sides of the Iron Triangle. Identifying and managing risks is a critical responsibility of project managers. For example, to be effective with ongoing marketing services, we need access to a minimum yearly marketing budget of at least $100,000+. A is incorrect because project scope management focuses on the creation and control of the project scope. Mar. A. In Software Advice’s recent e-book about the best software for project risk management, we discover that project success is a tough hill to climb: An average 46 percent of respondents say at least 10 percent of their projects are unsuccessful (meaning they fail to stay within scope, timeline and/or budget).. Which one of the following describes the physical environment for a construction project? You and your project team are located in Des Moines, Iowa, but your project execution will take place in Mexico. There is need for something more. Project Management MCQs (PDF) The program should accept two filenames, one of the text file, and one that contains multiple searches, each on a … A, C, and D are incorrect because these are general management skills and not interpersonal skills. Who is usually responsible for portfolio management within an organization? Critical path analysis f... Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards; Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card; As a PMP candidate you must have a firm grasp on what constitutes a project. This is a technique that when used... 2) Scope questions. The more features and functions, the larger the project; as we have discovered, less is more. She and the stakeholders created a scope two months ago, but since then the scope has evolved and now provides much more detail about the project. Accounting | Auditing | Commerce | Economics | Finance | Law | Statistics, Project Management Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Test with Answers. See below for regular project management questions. Problem Description Project 2 has a smaller scope than Project 1 to balance out programming for the midterm. This isthe most basic stepto creating a helpful scope statement. B. Project managers are not responsible for which one of the following in most organizations? The physical environment describes the effects on and by the ecology and geography of the area where the project will take place. Programs have larger scopes than projects and may be part of portfolios. I. C. Not all processes and procedures are needed, unless the PMBOK Guide states the process or procedure is a requirement for the project type. An electrical company’s primary operation is to provide electricity. A, C, and D are all incorrect because the project manager is responsible for these activities. Risk is defined as the probability of a specified threat and the subsequent ... Abstract (B) Planning B, C, and D are all incorrect because the project manager does not devote most of his time to these tasks. B, C, and D are all incorrect because these are general management skills the project manager must have to manage a project successfully. In light of this information, what is the recommended course of action for the processes and procedures in the PMBOK Guide? D describes the international and political environment of where the project will take place. organization. 2. It is the responsibility of the project management team to determine what practices are appropriate for each project. The CIOs surveyed reveal the downstream symptoms of poor project scope root cause. C. Standards are optional; regulations are required. 1. Link to Project Management MCQs (PDF) is given below. Management, however, declines to approve the proposed project because too many resources are already devoted to other projects. But luckily, managers aren’t in it … Evaluating short-term projects requires less effort and analysis than larger projects. 1. (D) 11, ANSWERS: PROJECT MANAGEMENT MCQS C, physical, is concerned with the ecology and geography affected by the project. Although B could, in some instances, be considered accurate if the project plan had some interaction with other project teams, the assumption cannot be made in this question. B. These three sides must be kept in balance or quality will suffer. C is incorrect because the CEO may not even know about the project—and even then she would be interested in the success of the project for the customer. The owner and the contractor of Design-Build has scope questions, and they need to discuss which parts belong to whom. D. Customers, internal or external, are the most important stakeholders in a project. These project management quiz are from measures of project success, principals of project management, project management tools and techniques. Standards and regulations are the same. C. Programs have larger scopes than projects. The scope and goals of a project are well-defined – while programs are typically less clear-cut. You have just experienced what? Structure: The components of a project are specific and exact. A, C, and D are all part of project integration management, so they are not valid answers. Projects have defined objectives This prevents one project from morphing into something bigger or something else entirely. The kiosks will collect applications for credit cards, phone services, and other services marketable to college students. Your organization has adapted the PMBOK Guide as a standard tool for how projects should operate, and you are involved in shaping the standardization for all future projects. Since program managers are overseeing multiple projects, it's vital that they clearly define, document and control project specifications. B, C, and D are all false statements regarding the implementation of the PMBOK Guide. Your company may require a formal scope statement for projects that last more than a month. Leadership is the only interpersonal skill listed. B is incorrect because a controlling project management office has a moderate amount of control over the project manager. The local contracted work could be called what? Of the following, which one is not part of project integration management? Standards are regulated by specific industries; regulations are laws. _____ involves formal acceptance of the completed project scope by the stakeholders. All of the concerns listed fall into the international and political environment. C, scope creep, describes small, unauthorized changes to the project scope. Scope Creep. Please sign in to share these flashcards. Although D, providing information, could potentially be part of an ongoing operation, A is still the best answer presented. Portfolios have an organizational scope. B. C is incorrect because portfolios do have organizational scopes. A. Before getting into basic organization, you have to be fully aware of what is being asked of you. ... the tendency for project scope to keep getting bigger and bigger. PMBOK GuideProject Management includes, among many other things, balancing the project constraints. There is no indication that this is true with the scenario presented. A, B, and D are all incorrect, because projects and operations are performed by people; are constrained by limited resources; and are planned, executed, and controlled. B. B, project cost management, is incorrect because its role is to manage, control, and respond to the financial concerns within the project. 5. A is incorrect because cultural and social describes the demographic, educational, and ethical environment. A is incorrect because the supportive project management office has the least control over the project manager. A is incorrect because programs do have scopes. How projects and programs differ. The basic nature of a project is a/an _____ one. Cram has partnered with the National Tutoring Association, What Are The Four Phases Of Risk Management, The Different Types Of Business And Organizational Structures, Essay On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Group Decision Making, Design Bid-Build Advantages And Disadvantages, L. O. (B) project enhancing The project selection committee, customers, or project sponsors are typically responsible for this. Your project sponsor, Jim Bob, is not familiar with the Iron Triangle, so you explain the concept to him. Budget planning, management and control is significantly more complex in the context of a program. C, stakeholders, is incorrect because stakeholders is too vague to be an acceptable answer. The two systems critical to the success of th... As we can see below, the owner or Board of Directors are in charge of organization and they make a decision to make a new product. When does the project have to be completed? Not all information in the PMBOK Guide should be applied uniformly to all projects. Regulations are not optional and are typically enforced by laws. Nancy is the project manager of the INCORP1 Project. You are the project manager for a large software development project. Scope for programs are larger than projects and impacts in a more significant way. Please select the correct language below. You are a new project manager in a company that uses a project management office. (B) II only For ease of management, you have hired local contractors to install the kiosks that you will ship to each campus. A, C, and D are all incorrect because projects do have a definite starting date; they do create a unique product, service, or changes to an environment; and all projects require resources. B. A change in the technology your customer is creating. (D) Closure, ANSWER: PROJECT MANAGEMENT MCQ The interaction between project teams, D. The documentation of changes to the project plan. You've successfully limited the scope for that scenario. Your company has a large client that has requested a special component be created for one of their test engines. Not all processes and procedures in the PMBOK Guide are actually required on all projects. You have an excellent idea for a new project that can increase productivity by 20 percent in your organization. The process of the scope evolving is also known as which one of the following terms? A program tends to have greater levels of uncertainty. Confirm the objectives and goals of the Project. Which one of the following best describes risk? Management skills are always about getting the project work done. A portfolio is a group of different programs and/or projects within the same organization, which may be related or unrelated to one another; Put another way, projects fit within larger programs, which themselves fit within portfolios. In conjunction with the compliance matrix process, the SPG team works with the coordinators to make sure they have the correct people identified who provide ... Quality plan also state definition of product quality standards for customer’s expectations. The terrain where the construction will take place, B. (C) progressive deliberation For the purposes of this Guide, large-scale Federal renewable energy projects are defined as renewable energy facilities larger than … Note that D is not the best answer because programs typically create many deliverables and benefits—rarely just one deliverable. Of the following, which is the most important stakeholder involved with a project? Which from the following statement(s) is/are NOT true? Extreme programming (XP) is a software development methodology which is intended to improve software quality and responsiveness to changing customer requirements. A. B. C. Project portfolio management is the process of choosing and prioritizing projects within an organization. D, project communications management, focuses on who needs what information, when is it needed, and in what modality. D is incorrect because management reserve is an amount of time and money reserved for projects running late or over budget. Structure: A project is well-defined, with a Project Charter that spells out exactly what the scope and objectives are for the project. Which knowledge area includes the creation of the project charter? C is the best answer because work that is subcontracted out for ease of management, as in this situation, becomes a subproject. Scope minimization is the key to success. 2015. ANSWERS: PROJECT MANAGEMENT MCQS 1. The motto of 21 st century projects is: "Barely sufficient is enough to move on." (C) Execution (A) Initiation (See below for regular project management questions), 1. (B) 7 These constraints include, but are not limited to, Scope, Time, Cost, Quality, Risk, and Resources.You can also refer to Max Wideman Glossary to read some other standard definitions of Project. and energy security, large-scale renewable energy projects must be developed and constructed on Federal sites at a significant scale with significant private investment. Add to folder[?] Project management and the theory of project management multiple choice question (MCQ) Test. A. Programs have a larger scope than projects D. Programs and portfolios can share the same scope because a portfolio may have two or more programs. It takes control of the project, rather than just supporting the project manager. A. (A) Initiation The project manager typically devotes the most amount of time to which of the following tasks? Find out how you can intelligently organize your Flashcards. This happens more often than you think. A is incorrect because risk mitigation describes the measures a project manager takes to reduce or eliminate risks. Next: Project Management MCQs 6–10. Any event that can cause your project to fail, B. Portfolios don’t have scopes because they are a financial investment. A process that involves continuously improving and detailing a plan as more detail become available is termed as She offered some tips on how to better accomplish what might feel like an impossibility.Naturally, you’ll want to assemble the best team possible to take on this large job. A. It’s been said that project managers spend 90 percent of their time communicating. Programs do not have scopes because they are made up of projects. Portfolios don’t have scopes because they are a financial investment. Also limiting scope helps with performance and debugging. (C) III only C. A program is a collection of related projects managed and coordinated to gain a higher level of control. Which of the following is likely to be part of an operation? Though related, tasks associated with project, program, and portfolio management are by nature very different. This project was launched because the customer requested the new component. The project was launched because of which one of the following? B, project sponsors, authorize projects. You have valid concerns about the interactions with the stakeholders, including time zone differences; language barriers; the different laws that could affect your project; and the logistics of travel, face-to-face meetings, and even teleconferencing. Guidance is given from the program to the projects on the process for managing scope. An excellent project idea can still be denied if there aren’t enough resources to complete the project work. Which one of the following is not a general management skill? A. A is incorrect because project managers are responsible for a project’s success, but not for the portfolio. Which one of the following is true only of operations? II. – Abhinav Gauniyal Jan 14 '16 at 9:23 B. You are the project manager of a large project to install 1900 kiosks throughout college campuses in North America. B. Introducing Cram Folders! Thus a simple 20 hour job turns into a 60 hour project with a stressed out staff and a very dissatisfied customer. Because most retainers involve a large area of responsibility, wide scope of services, and many team members, the type of project that makes sense on a retainer is going to be fairly large by nature. B. Portfolios have an organizational scope. While most programs are likely to be larger, more complex, and less certain than most projects, the key differentiator between a program and a project is, as described earlier, their objective. 4. People set project scope, but people and human capital are far bigger than any project management process. The contractors on each campus will be responsible for the WAN connection, the electrical connection, the security of the kiosk, and all testing. Program Managers may be responsible for revenue and costs that are critical to an organization's financial results. 1. 5. D. Progressive elaboration is a term used to describe the development that happens in incremental steps. You are the project manager for your company, Mark Manufacturers. Motivation is actually an interpersonal skill that the project manager must have to inspire and energize the project team. D, Management by projects, is incorrect because this term describes a company that operates through projects. A. (B) temporary (A) project analysis The project manager's job is to ensure that their project succeeds. B describes the requirements and technical documents for the project plan. There are many students who misconstrue project for the program, so here, in this article, we will explain the difference between project and program. Designing an electrical grid for a new community, C. Building a new dam as a source for electricity, D. Informing the public about changes at the electrical company. These are pretty shocking numbers. Introducing Cram Folders! Project integration management focuses on the project plan and its implementation, not the interaction between project teams. D. All processes and procedures are to be followed as identified in the PMBOK Guide; other wise, the PMP is in violation of the PMP Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct. A project does have a definite end date; operations do not. A is incorrect because the project manager manages the project for the customer. Which one of the following is not an attribute of a project? B. (C) III only Table 2: Standish Group Recipe for Success, 2001. Because large IT projects are risky, complex and carry a significant budget, they require a more structured project management process than smaller projects. Programs have larger scopes than projects. You have created 2 folders. We weren't able to detect the audio language on your flashcards. Programs Have Greater Scope of Financial Management Projects typically have a straight-forward budget. I coach many project managers who improvise when it comes to project management processes. C. (A) 5 (B) 7 (C) 9 (D) 11. The projects and programs in a portfolio must be directly related (A) I only (B) II only (C) III only (D) II and III only. B is incorrect because the project is not a response to a change in technology, but a customer request. 4. A, B, and D are characteristics of risk, but the best choice is C because risk is uncertain and may have a positive or negative effect on the project. C. Programs have larger scopes than projects. Have a solid project management process in place. We'll bring you back here when you are done. (B) people and work Scope creep, or additions to a project after it begins, can sneak up quickly and undermine success. (C) related projects The project scope is the most common example of progressive elaboration, but the WBS, product description, and even the project plan can pass through progressive elaboration. Initially, deliver a minimum viable subset of the full solution to start adding value for the organization as early as possible. Assembling project team and assigning their responsibilities are done during which phase of a project management? (C) 9 Project financial management is focused on spending to budget. (D) unrelated projects, 4. 2. Portfolios have an organizational scope that reflects the strategic goals of the. C. Standards are optional and may sometimes be called guidelines. Scope validation Waterfall doesn’t have a positive way to incorporate changes mid-project, so scope changes often cause large problems with a waterfall project’s schedule and budget. (A) I only 3. FEATURED PROJECT MANAGEMENT MCQ Managing large projects, as Jennifer notes, can be overwhelming, particularly if you don’t have extensive experience or aren’t a credentialed project manager. Which one of the following statements best defines the difference between a program and portfolios in regard to scope? Please upgrade to Cram Premium to create hundreds of folders! Risk Management is a standout amongst the most essential process of project management. The other view is that a program is nothing more than either a large project or a set (or portfolio) of projects. You are explaining to a junior engineer the difference between a project and operations. • Projects have narrow scope, whereas a program has much wider scope • In a program, focus is always on the manager (leadership), while in case of project; focus is on management of people involved • Project has a start as well as well defined end. Our research, conducted in collaboration with the University of Oxford, suggests that half of all large IT projects—defined as those with initial price tags exceeding $15 million—massively blow their budgets. Find out how you can intelligently organize your Flashcards. This is in the Scope Management Plan that is a part of the Program Management Plan. The basis of the project scope should entail your … Some projects have a senior manager called a(n) _____ who acts as a key proponent for a project. As you develop your project plan you may have some flexibility in how you use time during the project, but deadlines usually are fixed, as in the case of the wedding reception. C. The directive project management office has the most control over the project manager. If any angle of the Iron Triangle is changed, the quality of the project will suffer. by danstanmorre2009, B and C are projects. (A) 5 Portfolios have an organizational scope. According to the PMBOK Guide, “A project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service or result.”So, we can say that the nature of a project is temporary, i.e., once the project achieves its objective it exists no more, and the objective of a project is to create a unique product, or develop a system to provide you any service or is the result of any task.For instance, assuming, you have been given a project to se… A, B, and D do not accurately describe a program. Programs have a larger scope than projects III. Any event that may have a positive or negative effect on your project’s team, C. An uncertain event that may have a positive or negative effect on your project, D. An event that will cause time and cost constraints to be broken. Traditional project management has a term to describe requirements that change after the project’s initial definition phase: scope creep. This devil’s advocate has the task of coming up with the potential problems of a proposed decision (Nelson, 2013, p. 373). Programs may be part of a portfolio, but portfolios have an organizational scope. You and William, a project stakeholder, are discussing risks within your project. Project scope. D, an organizational need, typically refers to a project to improve the performance of the organization. Project managers typically do not select which projects are to be initiated. Programs have larger scopes than projects.

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